Developing a Plan

Changes and Beliefs

In 1991, Timothy Knoster and his colleagues identified five components that need to be present in order for successful change to occur. These components, found in the Knoster Model, are: 

  • Vision
  • Skills
  • Incentives
  • Resources
  • Action Plan

The Knoster Model provides insights into what happens when one of the components is missing.

During this video, your team will address the first component, vision, by developing a belief statement, which will represent the “why” behind your team’s movement toward a collaborative AT process to get AT into the hands of students.

Long Term Goals & Short Term Objectives

Using the group’s value statements, each team should now consider, pose, and discuss long term (3-5 or 5-7 year) goals for the team’s work. A goal is a desired result that the team envisions, plans, and commits to achieve. 

After identifying project goals, the team should develop short term (1 year) objectives related to the goal(s). Objectives are written as if the team has reached the finish line; they are measurable and describe where the team wants to be at a certain point. To help with generating objectives, the team should consider three big changes they would like to happen for students (and/or staff) based on the work in the coming year.

Goals and objectives should be recorded on page 1 of the strategic implementation plan template.


A SWOT analysis allows teams to look closely at the objectives by examining the:

  • Strengths
  • Weaknesses
  • Opportunities
  • Threats

Instructions for completing the SWOT can be found in this video as well as on page 2 of the strategic implementation plan template.

Projects & Action Plan

Projects are what your team believes they need to accomplish in order to achieve the objective. Similar to objectives, projects should be written in terms of observable behavior to allow stakeholders to know if they have been accomplished. 

During the final phase of generating a strategic implementation plan, your team will work together to identify potential projects. Teams can utilize an impact/effort matrix to gain insight on the level of impact and effort required to complete a project. 

Instructions for identifying potential projects, prioritizing them using an impact/effort matrix, and creating an action plan can be found in this video as well as in the strategic implementation plan template.

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